Wersja polska | Polish version

Mieczyslaw Tomaszewski
Chopin - Chronicle of Life and Works

1810 - 1826. PROLOGUE
1826 - 1835. METAMORPHOSIS
1835 - 1846. APOGEE
1846 - 1849. EPILOGUE

1826 - 1835. METAMORPHOSIS: the search for own path. Works in the brillant and Early Romantic style.

Composition studies, 1826 - 29

IX -
enrols as first year student at the Higher School of Music, headed by Józef Elsner
26 XI -
"I go to Elsner for strict counterpoint, six hours a week; I hear Brodzinski, Bentkowski and others, on subjects in any way touching on music" - from a letter to J. Bialoblocki
16 XII -
improvises on a choraleon built by F. A. Brunner
writes the Rondo à la Mazur , op. 5
10 IV -
Emilia Chopin dies of tuberculosis
17 VII -
Chopin passes an examination in composition with J. Elsner who wrote in his report: "first year student: Fryderyk Chopin (amazing talent)"
an excursion to Gdansk
1827- 28
studies under the supervision of J. Elsner, to whom Chopin dedicates the Sonata op. 4, and Variations, op. 2 - first compositions which meet with the interest of foreign publishers
II -
A. Brzezina publishes the Rondo op. 5
Chopin hears and meets Johann Nepomuk Hummel, who at the time gives concerts in Warsaw
22 VII -
passes examinations in the Higher School; J. Elsner writes in his report: "Chopin Fryderyk, amazing capabilities, second year student, left to improve his health"
VII - IX -
the summer spent in Sanniki (near Plock); begins work on the Trio op. 8
9 IX -
leaves for Berlin
20 IX -
"I have already heard an oratorio in the Singakademie, Cortez [by Spontini], Il matrimonio secreto by Cimarosa, Le Colporteur by Onslow. The Cäcilienfest oratorio by Georg F. Handel is nearer to the ideal I have formed of great music ... Tomorrow Freischütz!" - from a letter written by Chopin to his family
29 IX -
travels back from Berlin
X -
two days in Poznan; attends a reception given by Archbishop Teofil Wolicki
plays the Rondo in C major together with J. Fontana at two pianos; improvises and socialises in Warsaw salons, takes part in amateur theatrical performances
27 XII -
completes the Rondo à la Krakowiak, op. 14
completes the Trio op. 8, composes the Fantaisie on Polish Airs op. 13
21 IV -
meets Konstancja Gladkowska (1810-1880) at a concert given by pupils of Carl Soliva
23 V - 14 VII -
attends a series of concerts by Niccolo Paganini and Karol Lipinski; witnesses a heated press discussion involving J. Elsner, Karol Kurpinski and Maurycy Mochnacki
20 VII -
graduates from the Higher School of Music; J. Elsner reports: "Chopin, Frederic, third year student, amazing capabilities, musical genius"
Travels, 1829- 31dylizans
departure for Vienna via Opoczno, Miechow, Cracow, Bielsko, Cieszyn, and then Moravia
23 VII -
a visit at the Jagiellonian Library in Cracow; a week of sightseeing devoted to city monuments and the environs
31 VIII - 19 VIII -
in Vienna Chopin meets, among others, V. Jirovec, Conradin Kreutzer, Carl Czerny and Tobie Haslinger; hears a performance by Leopoldine Blahetka; visits the K. Graff and S. Stein piano factories and the local painting galleries; sees La Dame Blanche by François-A. Boieldieu, La Cenerentola by G. Rossini, Il Crociato in Egitto by Giacomo Meyerbeer and Joseph en Egypte by Étienne-N. Méhul.
11 VIII -
gives a concert in the Kärtnerthortheater: Variations op. 2 and improvisations on the theme of Chmiel (The Hop Plant) and an aria from La Dame Blanche.
18 VIII -
a second concert in the Kärtnerthortheater: Variations op. 2 and Rondo op. 14
19 VIII -
leaves for Prague
22 VIII -
hears 48 canons and fugues by August Klengel
23 VIII -
composes, together with Ignacy Maciejowski, the song Jakiez kwiaty (What Flowers) for Václav Hanka
23 VIII -
departure for Toeplitz; at the residence of Duchess Clara Aldringen improvises on the theme from Mose in Egitto and Il Barbiere di Siviglia by G. Rossini and "Polish airs"
25 VIII -
stays in Dresden to 2 September (?); visits the art gallery
26 VIII -
sees Faust by Johann W. Goethe ("horrible but great imagination"); returns to Warsaw via Wroclaw
IX -
poses for a portrait by Ambrozy Mieroszewski
X -
begins attending Friday chamber music soirées at Joseph Ch. Kessler's residence
3 X -
admits to T. Woyciechowski: "Perhaps unfortunately, I have my own ideal, which I have served faithfully, though silently, for half a year; of which I dream, to thoughts of which the adagio of my concerto belongs"
20 X -
begins to compose etudes parallel to work on the Concerto in F minor
X - XI -
leaves for Strzyzewo, in the region of Poznan (as a guest of the Wiesolowski family), and for Antonin, where he gives lessons to Wanda Radziwill, whose sister Eliza paints his portrait; becomes acquainted with the score for Faust by Prince Antoni Radziwill, for whom he writes the Polonaise op. 3
14 XI -
"I have composed a few exercises; I could play them to you well" - from a letter to T. Woyciechowski
7 II -
plays the Concerto in F minor, accompanied by a small orchestra, for family and friends
3 III -
a presentation of the Concerto in F minor and the Fantaisie in A major in the Chopin salon
17 III -
the first public concert by Chopin alone, given in the National Theatre: the Concerto in F minor and the Fantaisie in A major, orchestra conducted by K. Kurpinski
18 III -
M. Mochnacki writes in "Kurier Polski": "Verily! he who shows such promise in his youth will make his name resound far and wide".
22 III -
a second concert in the National Theatre: the Concerto in F minor and the Rondo à la Krakowiak , improvisations on the theme W miescie dziwne obyczaje (Strange Town Customs) and Swiat srogi (Cruel World)
IV -
the Variations op. 2 published in Vienna by Haslinger
15 V -
"The adagio to the new concerto is in E major. It is not supposed to be forceful but rather romantic [...] Involuntarily, something has entered my head through my eyes and I find pleasure in caressing it" - from a letter to T. Woyciechowski on the work on the Concerto E minor op. 11
V - VI -
attends eight concerts by Henriette Sontag
8 VII -
Chopin takes part in a benefit concert by the singer Barbara Majerowa in the National Theatre; plays Variations op. 2
10-20 VII(?)
visits T. Woyciechowski in Poturzyn (the region of Lublin, south east Poland)
24 VII -
listens K. Gladkowska in the National Theatre (debut in the title role in Agnese by Ferdinando Paër)
29 VIII -
plays and improvises in the army camp of General Piotr Szembek in Sochaczew
18 IX -
"I have begun the polonaise with orchestra [op. 22] but this is only the start and there is no beginning" - from a letter to T. Woyciechowski
22 IX -
a performance of the Concerto in E minor in the Chopin home
24 IX -
a review of the new Concerto in "Krajowy Dziennik Powszechny": "This is the work of a genius [...] he is to leave abroad [..] let us hope that no foreign capital will keep him for always"
11 X -
a farewell concert in the National Theatre, together with K. Gladkowska; Chopin plays the Concerto in E minor and the Fantaisie on Polish Airs op. 13
2 XI -
the date on the final version of both Etudes op. 10 (in C major and in A minor)
- sets out from Warsaw for Vienna; a farewell to Chopin in a tavern in suburban Wola: a performance of Zrodzony w polskiej krainie (A Native of the Polish Land), a cantata by J. Elsner
5 XI -
in Kalisz; from here, Chopin travels together with T. Woyciechowski
6 - 9 XI -
in Wroclaw: sees Der Alpenkönig, an opera by F. Raimund and Le Maçon, an opera by Daniel F. E. Auber; on 8 November gives a concert in the Club: the Larghetto and Rondo from the Concerto in E minor, improvisations on a theme from La Muette de Portici by D. F. E. Auber
10 - 19 XI -
in Dresden: attends a concert by Antoinette Pechwell (10 November), and a performance of the opera Tancredi by G. Rossini (13 November); visits the art gallery
20 XI -
departure for Vienna (where Chopin stays until 20 July 1831) via Prague; in Vienna, he lives in Kohlmarkt 9
29/30 XI -
the outbreak of an uprising in Warsaw; T. Woyciechowski dissuades Chopin from joining the insurrection, but returns home himself
new acquaintances among musicians, such as Anton Diabelli, V. Jirovec, Joseph Merk and Josef Slavik
24 - 25 XII -
a solitary Christmas; "mournful harmony all around [...]" in the St. Stephen cathedral
26 XII -
"In the salon I pretend to be calm and upon returning home I thunder on the piano [...] I curse the moment of my departure [...]" - from a letter to J. Matuszynski
compositions from this period include mazurkas from op. 6 and 7, nocturnes from op. 9 and 15 (no. 2), etudes from op. 10 (no. 5 and 6); private compositions : Lento con gran espressione, Piosnka litewska (Lithuanian Song) and Wojak (The Horseman before the Battle )
1 I -
"I live amongst you [...] You are in the army. Why cannot I be even a drummer boy [...]" - from a letter to J . Matuszynski
26 (29?) I -
"As an artist, I am still in my cradle, as a Pole, I am over twenty" - to J. Elsner
IV -
"Her likeness remains before my eyes" - words written in an album
tradition has it that first sketches of the Scherzo in B minor, the Ballade in G minor and Mazurkas op. 17 were written in Vienna
11 VI -
Chopin plays the Concerto in E minor at a benefit concert conducted by D. Mattis
VII(?) -
works on the Polonaise, op. 22; in Vienna, he also writes the songs Smutna rzeka (Troubled Waves) and Narzeczony (The Homecoming )
16 VII -
"My piano has heard nothing but mazurs" - from a letter to his family; the Mazurka in F minor, op. 7 no. 3 is written down in two albums
20 VII -
leaves Vienna for Paris, via Linz, Salzburg, Munich and Stuttgart
22 VII -
travels from Linz to Salzburg across the Alps
28 VIII -
in Munich, Chopin takes part in a matinée of the Philharmonische Verein: the Concerto in E minor and the Fantaisie on Polish Airs
4 (?) IX -
in Stuttgart; a meeting with Johann P. Pixis
8 IX -
the capture of Warsaw and the downfall of the November Uprising: "The enemy has entered the home [...] O God, do You exist? You do and yet You do not avenge. Have You not had enough of Moscow's crimes - or - or You are Yourself a Muscovite! [...] I here, useless! And I here empty-handed" - from the so-called Stuttgart diary
tradition has it that the concept of the Etude in C minor op. 10 (known as the "Revolutionary") and the Prelude in D minor from op. 28 originated in Stuttgart
Adaptation, 1831- 35
IX -
in Paris; resides in Boulevard Poissonnière 27; first musical contacts thanks to F. Paër, to whom Chopin has letters of recommendation
17 XI -
meets Delfina Potocka
XI -
contacts with G. Rossini, Luigi Cherubini, Pierre Baillot, Henri Herz, Ferenc Liszt, Ferdinand Hiller and F. Kalkbrenner; the latter proposes to give Chopin piano lessons
27 XI -
J. Elsner warns Chopin against accepting F. Kalbrenner's offer
7 XII -
R. Schumann reviews Variations op. 2 in "Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung"; the famous words: "Hats off, gentlemen, a genius!"
12 XII -
"The winds have driven me here [...] Paris is everything that you could wish [...] I know of no place where pianists are more numerous" - from a letter to T. Woyciechowski; under the spell of Robert le diable by G. Meyerbeer: "This is a masterpiece of the new school"
14 XII -
"I am compelled to think about paving my way in the world as a pianist" - from a letter to J. Elsner
the beginning of a long lasting friendship with the cellist August Franchomme; together they write the Grand duo concertant; closer contacts with Hector Berlioz
26 II -
gives the first concert in Paris in Salle Pleyel, as one of 13 artists; plays the Concerto in F minor and Variations op. 2, and takes part in the performance of the Polonaise by F. Kalkbrenner, played on six pianos
the start of giving piano lessons
20 V -
during a great charity concert organised by Princess de la Moscova Chopin plays the first movement of the Concerto in F minor, accompanied by an orchestra
VI/VII (?) -
new address: rue Cité Bergere 4
29 XI -
"Healthy and strong, he enchants all the French ladies, and arouses jealousy in Frenchmen. He is fashionable [...] Only sometimes he longs for his homeland" - according to Antoni Orlowski
attends two concerts by John Field
Mazurkas, op. 6 and 7 and Nocturnes, op. 9 are published by Karl F. Kistner in Leipzig; in the following year, a scornful review by Ludwig Rellstab in the Berlin "Iris im Gebiete der Tonkunst"
I -
F. Kalkbrenner composes Variations brillants on the theme of the Mazurka in B flat major, op. 7, and in return receives a dedication on the published edition of the Concerto in E minor
Chopin becomes a member of the emigré Literary Society
I (?) -
"I have got into the highest society; I sit with ambassadors, princes, ministers" - from a letter to D. Dziewanowski
3 IV -
together with Liszt, Chopin performs at a concert given by the brothers Henri and Jacques Herz
16 V -
the premiere of Ludovic, an opera by Ferdinand Hérold and Fromental Halévy; Chopin writes Variations op. 12 on the theme of the rondo from this opera
VI -
new address: Chaussée d'Antin 5; closer friendship with artists; 20 June: "At this moment, Liszt plays my etudes [...] Heine sends his most cordial greetings [...] Greetings from Berlioz" - from a letter to F. Hiller; Etudes op. 10 appear with a dedication "à mon ami F. Liszt".
works by Chopin are issued by the Christian R. Wessel publishing house in London, with titles devised by the publisher
a summer in Le Côteau (Touraine) with A. Franchomme
10 VII -
dedicates an autograph of the Valse, op. 18, to Laura Horsford, his pupil; the Bolero, op. 19 was also written that year
15 XII -
together with F. Liszt and F. Hiller, Chopin plays the Concerto for three pianos by Johann Sebastian Bach at a concert given in the Conservatory
publishes op. 16 and 17 in Paris
composes an introduction (Andante Spianato) to the Polonaise op. 22; publishes older and recent variations, rondo and fantasy (op. 12, 13, 14)
becomes acquainted with Neapolitan folk music and meets Vincenzo Bellini in the salon of the singer Lina Freppa
about 15 V -
together with F. Hiller, attends a festival held by F. Ries in Aachen; hears music by G. F. Handel, Wolfgang A. Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven (Ninth Symphony); meets Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; stays in Düsseldorf, Coblenz and Köln
23 V -
"Chopin is at present a foremost pianist [...] he plays as Paganini does the violin" - from a letter by Mendelssohn to his mother
14 XII -
Chopin takes part in a concert by H. Berlioz
25 XII -
together with Liszt, Heinrich W. Ernst and singer Sabine Heinefetter, Chopin performs at a benefit concert for François Stoepel in the Salle Pleyel
25 II -
Chopin plays together with F. Hiller on two pianos in the Erard salon
22 III -
together with F. Hiller, brothers H. and J. Herz, George Osborne and Camille Stammati, Chopin plays at a concert held in the Salle Pleyel
5 IV -
at a charity concert given for the benefit of Polish refugees in Théatre Italien, Chopin plays the Concerto in E minor
26 IV -
gives a performance of the Polonaise in E flat major, op. 22, accompanied by an orchestra, in the Conservatory; a great success and the last truly public concert given by Chopin
VII (?) -
a summer spent in Enghien, near Paris, with excursions to St. Gratien, the estate of Marquis Astolphe de Custine

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